Cotton is a plant and a natural fibre for manufacturing fabrics. Cotton fabric is made up of threads that are in turn made up of cotton fibres that have been separated from the vegetable remains of the plant that aren't used, such as stems, shells, seeds, etc. Depending on the quality of the cotton, these fibres may have different lengths and this length allows the cotton fibre to be mainly prepared in two ways: carded or combed. In order to prepare the fibres using the comb process, the cotton fibre must have a minimum length. Thus, short-length cotton fibres can only be prepared prior to spinning by 'carding', whereas long-length cotton fibres (of higher quality) can be prepared using the 'comb' process.
Combed cotton yarns are of a higher quality than carded yarns because they provide a higher resistance and better handfeeling, and this is reflected firstly in the fabrics, and then in the final garments, providing them greater durability and a high quality end finish.